Energy & Climate Experts

Ideas into Action
Craig A. Hart

Craig A. Hart

Executive Director

Craig Hart serves as Executive Director of the Pace Energy and Climate Center at Pace University’s Haub School of Law.  Craig is also a lecturer at Johns Hopkins University’s Energy Policy & Climate program and a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council Global Energy Center.

Craig has worked with governments and projects in the Americas, Asia, the Middle East and Africa on renewables, energy efficiency, grid modernization and microgrids, and low carbon technologies for the fossil-fuel power generation sector. In the utility reform area, Craig advised Uzbekistan in its ongoing energy market and utility reform initiative leading to the restructuring of the state energy company Uzbekneftegaz, and advised the country of Georgia’s Ministry of Georgia in reforming its state electricity transmission company.

Craig is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers’ Council on Standards and Certification, which establishes and maintains ASME safety and performance standards, and monitors their implementation globally. Additionally, he serves on the International Standards Organization’s U.S. Technical Advisory Committee 265 for carbon sequestration technologies.

Craig’s academic research concentrates on energy transition and decarbonization in the context of economic development and firm competitiveness. His work includes extensive focus on China, having lived, taught and advised several Chinese government ministries for almost a decade. He writes regularly on China’s energy transition, including Mapping China’s Climate & Energy Policies (now in its fourth edition, 2019).

Prior to academia, Craig practiced law in the energy infrastructure project finance, capital markets, and carbon management fields, representing project developers, lenders, and investors focusing on energy infrastructure, clean energy, and high-technology. His practice included practicing with the international law firms White & Case and O’Melveny & Myers, and serving as counsel to the Asia Development Bank’s Future Carbon Fund, a $115 million fund to finance renewables and carbon reduction projects under the Clean Development Mechanism in Asia and the Pacific.

Dr. Hart earned a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology researching decarbonization paths with the aim of preventing dangerous climate change, a bachelor’s and law degree from the University of California at Berkeley, and a master’s in economics from New York University.

Thomas G. Bourgeois

Thomas G. Bourgeois

Deputy Director

Tom Bourgeois is the Deputy Director at the Pace Energy and Climate Center, at the Pace Law School in White Plains, NY.  He is Director of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Northeast CHP (Combined Heat and Power) Technical Assistance Partnership based at Pace University. He co-directs the Partnership with Dr. Beka Kosanovic at the University of Massachusetts Amherst’s School of Mechanical Engineering. He and Dr. Kosanovic have lead this Center since 2004.

Tom has researched and written extensively on the market conditions, market potential, and regulatory, market and technical barriers to microgrids, CHP, distributed generation, demand response, and renewable energy.

He served as co-chair of the New York City Mayor’s Office of Long Term Planning’s Distributed Generation (DG) Working Group, from March 2012  – June 2013. He is among a group of experts assisting New York State in preparing the New York State Microgrid Study completed in December 2014. The Pace Center is working with the City of Boston and State agencies in Massachusetts to promote the development of community energy projects.  The Pace Center is also listed as a resource for the Connecticut Microgrid Pilot Program. The At the request of the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environment he delivered technical webinar presentations to communities interested in the Microgrid Pilot Program Phase II on April 3rd  and April 4th 2014.

Tom has been principal investigator or contributing author for more than a dozen research studies performed for such organizations as New York State Energy Research & Development Authority (NYSERDA), U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Labs, Argonne National Labs, and National Association of State Energy Offices. In 2008, Tom was recipient of the CHP Champion Award, presented by the U.S. CHP Association, the trade association for the CHP industry. Tom has been contributing author on numerous briefs and other submissions to the Public Service Commission in New York and the Department of Public Utilities in New Jersey.

In May 2014 the Northeast CHP Initiative (NECHPI) , named Mr. Bourgeois as recipient of the NECHPI Award for achievements in promoting CHP in the Northeast.

Tom holds a Masters in Regional Planning from University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill and has completed all Ph.D. coursework and qualifying examinations in Managerial Economics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI, Troy NY).

Richard L. Ottinger

Richard L. Ottinger

Dean Emeritus and Founder

Richard L. Ottinger is Dean Emeritus of The Elisabeth Haub School of Law of Pace University He is Co-Director, with Haub Distinguished Chair of International Law Smita Narula, of the Haub/Pace Global Center for Environmental Legal Studies. He is Chair Emeritus and co-founder of the Environmental and Energy Study Institute, Washington, D.C. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1965 to 1971 and 1975 to 1985, chairing the House Energy Conservation & Power Subcommittee. Ottinger then taught environmental law at Haub/Pace Law School from 1985 to 1994, after which he served as Dean until July 1, 1999. He founded the Pace Energy and Climate Center and co-edited and co-authored its seminal U.S. work on environmental externalities: The Environmental Costs of Electricity (Oceana Press, 1990). He has authored and edited some 100 books and articles on sustainable energy, including The Law of Energy for Sustainable Development and Compendium of Sustainable Energy Laws (Cambridge University Press 2005); UNEP Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Laws (UNEP 2016).

In 2005 he received the American Bar Association Lifetime Achievement Award, and in 2017 the national Award for Distinguished Achievement in Environmental Law and Policy from the American Bar Association Section on Environment, Energy and Resources.

Ottinger specializes in educating students by involving them in action on key national and international environmental and energy issues. Thus, he involved students in a joint study with Shanghai Jaio Tong University on how U.S. environmental laws are implemented, the key conclusions of which were incorporated in the 2015 China environmental law revisions; and in a study for the National University of Singapore and APCEL on laws adopted worldwide for climate change adaptation.

Sam Swanson

Sam Swanson

Senior Policy Advisor

Sam Swanson serves as a Senior Policy Advisor at the Center.  Sam’s knowledge and experience extends to a wide range of electricity market policy and regulation subjects, including renewable and demand-side resource assessment, planning, evaluation and market development, the environmental impacts of electricity production, and electricity price regulation. Mr. Swanson has been a principal contributor to major projects that:

  • developed the Power Scorecard consumer education program
  • analyzed the barriers local building and fire codes pose to the deployment of hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen transportation fueling facilities in New York State
  • assessed opportunities to strengthen mico-grid reliability with investments in distributed generation
  • provided a guidebook for siting small biomass power plants
  • identified worldwide best practice regulatory policies aimed at mobilizing large scale energy provider investments in energy efficiency
  • addressed evaluation and performance metric guidelines for the New York Public Service Commission led Reforming the Energy Vision program

Sam serves as Co-Chair of Vermont’s Clean Energy Development Board. In 2015 the Vermont Legislature tapped Sam to serve on the its Solar Siting Task Force, which was tasked with strengthening the contributions of local government in the State’s solar site licensing program. Sam is past President of Renewable Energy Vermont, receiving their Renewable Energy Champion Award in 2011.  He also serves on the City of South Burlington Energy Advisory Committee and the Vermont Interfaith Power and Light Board of Directors.

Sam has appeared as an expert witness before regulatory commissions in Arizona, Colorado, Michigan, Nevada, New York and Vermont. He previously served as a senior policy advisor and Deputy Director of the New York PSC Office of Energy Efficiency and the Environment.

He holds a BA in Economics from Stony Brook University, a MPIA in Economic and Social Development from the University of Pittsburgh, and a certificate in Regulatory Economics from the State University of New York at Albany.

Jessica Laird

Jessica Laird

Staff Attorney and Intern Coordinator

Jessica is a Staff Attorney and Intern Coordinator for the Pace Energy & Climate Center at Pace University’s Elisabeth Haub School of Law.

As Staff Attorney, Jessica oversees the Center’s regulatory and litigation dockets in New York, drafts public comments in regulatory proceedings, participates in the Center’s rate case engagement, and assists the Center’s team in preparing white papers and other reports on clean energy issues.

Jessica co-leads the Clean Energy Organizations Collaborative (CEOC) with the Center’s partners at the Alliance for Clean Energy-New York. CEOC is a coalition of more than thirty clean energy and consumer advocacy non-profit organizations and ACE-NY members, who collaborate in New York’s Reforming the Energy Vision proceeding. Jessica also leads the Center’s engagement in the Energy Efficiency for All New York coalition, through which the Center partners with other clean energy and low-income advocates to bring the benefits of efficiency and renewables to New York’s affordable multifamily sector.

Jessica holds a B.S. in Biology with a minor in Environmental Studies and Sustainability from St. Joseph’s University and earned her Juris Doctor, magna cum laude, with an Advanced Certificate in Environmental Law, from Pace Law School, and is admitted to the New York State Bar.

Joe O'Brien-Applegate

Joe O'Brien-Applegate

Energy Policy Analyst

As an Energy Policy Analyst, Joe O’Brien-Applegate works with stakeholder groups and provides quantitative analysis to shape electricity regulations. He covers rate design modifications in New York and Maryland for the Center, helping utilities and regulators incorporate smart grid technology, time-of-use pricing structures, and alternative utility business models.

In New York, Joe works on both utility energy efficiency programs and large-scale renewable deployment, cornerstones of the state meeting its clean energy goals. He also analyzes the incentives for and impacts of distributed electric generation in the Northeast. Joe supports Tom Bourgeois in running the U.S. Department of Energy’s New York and New Jersey CHP Technical Assistance Partnership.

Joe is currently a Master’s Candidate in Environmental Policy with Bard College. Prior to joining the Center, he worked with Bard College’s Office of Sustainability to evaluate installing microhydropower on two existing dams, and to create a state-wide resource website for interested dam owners. He worked with regulators and government officials at the federal, state, and local level, as well as leading community outreach events, and providing legal and technical assistance to contractors. He also served as a teaching assistant in economics, mathematics, and statistics for his Master’s-level classmates.


Emma Lagle

Emma Lagle

Energy and Climate Law Fellow

Emma serves as the 2020-2021 Energy and Climate Fellow at the Pace Energy & Climate Center at Pace University’s Elisabeth Haub School of Law.

Emma began working in environmental law and policy organizing student lobbying efforts in favor of a state-wide natural gas fracking moratorium in 2014 with NYPIRG. Her interests in community-based project development led her to roles as project leader for downstate-New York non-profits organizing community-wide sustainability initiatives that required engagement of local officials, private businesses, and community members.  Emma’s efforts culminated in her membership on an inter-disciplinary team that developed an urban-renewal plan for the West River neighborhood of New Haven and West Haven, Connecticut, which analyzed and presented the municipal stakeholders with best approaches to address the area’s economic, recreational, transportation, and coastal resiliency concerns.

To advance environmental efforts, Emma completed her J.D. with Certificate in Environmental Law at Pace University’s Elisabeth Haub School of Law and a Master’s in Environmental Management at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies. While completing these degrees, she interned with the Land Use Law Center, where she worked with municipal planning departments to compose the form-based codes and helped build a national database on land use regulations for solar energy, and the Charlottesville office of the Southern Environmental Law Center, working with local communities to inform the development of the SELC’s policy position on proposed land-use developments and with both the SELC.  Additionally, with the Pace Environmental Litigation Clinic, Emma participated in successful legislative efforts against natural-gas pipeline development.

Jim Lazar

Jim Lazar

Institute for Energy Democracy Fellow

Jim Lazar is an economist with more than 40 years of experience in utility rate making and resource planning.  In his early consulting career, Jim testified in more than 100 regulatory dockets before local, state, federal, and Canadian provincial utility regulators.  Then, for more than twenty years, he served as a Senior Advisor with the Regulatory Assistance Project.  His RAP work involved training and technical assistance for utility regulators in the United States, Asia, Africa, and Europe, and authoring more than a dozen handbooks and guides, including Electricity Regulation in the US: A Guide, Smart Rate Design for a Smart Future, and Electric Cost Allocation for a New Era.  Those publications are all available at at no charge.  He is a former member of the US DOE Electricity Advisory Committee.  Jim is a former Commissioner of the Thurston County Public Utility District, an avid cyclist, and loves the mountains and rivers of the Pacific Northwest.  He lives in Olympia, Washington. 

Janine Migden-Ostrander

Janine Migden-Ostrander

Institute for Energy Democracy Fellow

Janine Migden-Ostrander has over four decades of experience in the energy field. Most recently, Janine was a Principal at the Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP) where she focused on regulatory issues and worked on power sector transformation. Some of her major projects included: advising and assisting the Puerto Rico Energy Bureau, from its creation in 2015 until she left RAP in 2021 on a variety of cutting-edge issues including microgrid regulations and performance incentive mechanism; assisting Arkansas develop comprehensive energy efficiency programs as part of the Clean Energy Ministerial; the Finding Common Ground Project which brought leading environmental and regulatory stakeholders together to discuss and develop pathways on regulatory issues; and many others.

From 2004 – 2011, Janine served as Ohio Consumers’ Counsel and represented Ohio’s 4.4 million residential households on electric, gas, telephone and water issues. In this role, Janine focused on rate affordability for all customers, the promotion of distributed energy resource options for customers, low-income customer protections, broadband for rural and disenfranchised communities; and administrative due process for consumers in the regulatory process. In her capacity as the Consumers’ Counsel, Janine oversaw the policy and advocacy positions in the many hundreds of cases in which the Consumers’ Counsel participated.

Janine worked at Enron as a Senior Director of Government Affairs where she was responsible for leading the Corporation’s efforts to deregulate the electric and gas industry in the Midwest. This included working on legislation and regulations to implement deregulation in addition to working with the Enron business units to offer deregulated services.

During the course of her career, Janine has litigated cases involving all aspects of utility regulation for consumer and environmental groups, from rate cases to integrated resource planning.

Janine received her J.D., from Capital University Law School,in Columbus, OH, a B.A from the State University of New York, Plattsburg, New York, December and a Certificat de la Langue et Civilisation Francais from La Sorbonne, Paris.

Daniel Pellegrini

Daniel Pellegrini

Institute for Energy Democracy Fellow

Dan is the founder, President, and board member of CCEnergy, which has completed almost 1,000 commercial and residential solar projects in Northern California.

At CCEnergy, Dan has been a hands-on leader who is engaged in CCEnergy member installations, equipment purchasing and customer service. Dan also provides leadership in building community relationships for the benefit of CCEnergy’s members and has been active in advocating for solar-friendly energy policies at the local, state, and federal level. Dan was one of the first to develop a set of spreadsheet tools to automate many aspects of the evaluation, design, sales, and project management for solar energy systems.

Dan has built a reputation in solar activism at the local, state, and national level. He regularly travels to Sacramento and Washington, DC to lobby on behalf of bills to support the solar industry. He has worked with other solar advocacy groups to build grassroots support for specific legislation and testify at regulatory hearings affecting solar energy. These activities have earned the respect of many within the solar industry and enhanced Dan’s reputation as one of the true “good guys” working hard to make sure everyone’s solar rights are protected.

Dan has extensive experience in project management and in building effective information systems. Dan has started two successful businesses in the software development field: DataWeb Systems, a consulting firm for building database-driven web applications for medium-sized business customers, and CollabNet, a company building Web-based collaborative software development solutions for large corporate customers.

Education: B.A. in Economics, Harvard, 1982; MBA in Finance and MIS, State University of New York (SUNY) Binghamton, 1986

Our Staff

Mary Cataneo

Mary Cataneo


(914) 422-4129